ACL Reconstruction

What is the ACL?

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one of the major stabilizing ligaments located centrally in the knee. It forms a central pivot along with the Posterior Cruciate Ligament surgery placed in a cruciate (cross) arrangement with each other.

symptoms of an ACL tear

In the event of an ACL injury, individuals may experience a sensation of the knee "popping" during the injury. Subsequently, the knee may gradually swell. Balancing on the injured knee becomes challenging, and it may suddenly "give way" or buckle when standing or pivoting. This instability leads to a painful limp when walking immediately after the injury.

Without timely treatment, individuals may notice a loss of strength and confidence in the injured knee compared to the healthy one. Resuming sports activities involving twisting and pivoting becomes difficult. While there may not be immediate pain with an isolated long-standing ACL injury, associated structural issues or prolonged neglect can lead to pain. Neglecting an ACL injury until pain arises is not advisable.

acl reconstruction
acl reconstruction

ACL Reconstruction

ACL reconstruction is a surgical procedure aimed at replacing a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), a significant ligament in the knee. The ACL is a band of tissue within the knee that connects one bone to another. ACL injuries typically happen during sports activities involving abrupt stops and rapid changes in direction, such as football, soccer, volleyball, and basketball.

PCL Reconstruction

What is the PCL?

The Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) is situated just behind the ACL and serves as a connection between the femur and tibia bones in the knee. However, it runs in a different direction compared to the ACL. The primary role of the PCL is to stabilize the knee and control how far the tibia moves backward under the femur, a movement known as posterior translation of the tibia. If the tibia moves excessively backward, the PCL can be injured or ruptured.

Recent research indicates that the PCL also plays a role in preventing side-to-side and rotational movements of the knee, making its impact on knee joint function more intricate than previously believed.

The PCL consists of two thick bands of tissue bundled together. One part of the ligament tightens when the knee is bent, while the other part tightens as the knee straightens. This is why PCL injuries can occur when the knee is forced to straighten too far or hyperextend.

Both bundles of the PCL change in length and orientation (the direction of the fibers) as the knee flexes and extends. This dynamic function helps the ligament prevent the tibia from sliding excessively backward or moving from side to side within the joint.

pcl reconstruction


Four major bundles of collagen fibers stabilize and guide knee joint motion.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) and Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) are inside the knee. The name ‘cruciate’ means ‘cross’ and comes from the fact that these two ligaments cross each other as they attach to the femur and tibia.

Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) and Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) are on either side of the knee. MCL is on the inner side attached to the femur and tibia, and LCL is on the outer side attached to the femur and fibula.

How Ligaments & Tendons Interact in Your Ankle

The ankle and foot are connected and stabilized by ligaments and tendons. Ligaments are tightly connected to the bones and play a crucial role in limiting the movement of the ankle joint. There are three major ligaments on the outside (lateral) of the ankle, known as the lateral collateral ligaments (LCL). On the inside (medial) of the ankle, there is a complex network of ligaments called the medial collateral ligaments (MCL).

These ligaments are responsible for restricting the range of motion in the ankle joint. When a ligament is injured, it can either be stretched or torn, resulting in a sprain of the ligament and potentially weakening it. If left untreated or if multiple sprains occur in a short period, the ligaments can become weakened, leading to ankle instability.

ligament reconstruction


Yes, our team will be able to help you with insurance approvals and clearances

With proper care and physiotherapy, the patient can return to sports in 3-6 months. Many international players have faced this injury and after surgery have returned to sports.

Yes, but Doctor will suggest exercises to be done at home and you might not need to pay for a physiotherapist.

You can walk from the next day and can return to a normal lifestyle in 15 days

Yes, metal implants are available in abundance however, we recommend using Bio-absorbable implants due to higher acceptability and no requirement for removing the implant.


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